Tech notesThen engine is "too Lean" when the O2 sensors detect more air than fuel during combustion. There are two likely issues for a lean system problems. One of the problems could be unmetered air is entering the engine, in other words there is an air intake leak after the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor. The other problem could be clogged fuel injectors. Fuel additives sometimes will fix clogged fuel injectors.
P2179 DescriptionWith the Air/Fuel Mixture Ratio Self-Learning Control, the actual mixture ratio can be brought closely to the theoretical mixture ratio based on the mixture ratio feedback signal from the heated oxygen sensors 1. The Engine Control Module (ECM) calculates the necessary compensation to correct the offset between the actual and the theoretical ratios.
In case the amount of the compensation value is extremely large (The actual mixture ratio is too lean.), the ECM judges the condition as the fuel injection system malfunction and light up the MIL (2 trip detection logic).
P2179 Information for specific makes
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