C1286 - Steering Sensor Bias Malfunction

Repair Importance Level: 3/3
Repair Difficulty Level: 3/3   
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Possible causes

  • Faulty Steering Wheel Position Sensor (SWPS)
  • Faulty Yaw Rate Sensor
  • Faulty Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM)
  • Yaw Rate Sensor harness is open or shorted
  • Yaw Rate Sensor circuit poor electrical connection

Possible symptoms

  • Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) Warning Light ON
  • Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)

C1286 Description

The Vehicle Stability Enhancement System (VSES) is activated by the Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM) calculating the desired yaw rate and comparing it to the actual yaw rate input. The desired yaw rate is calculated from measured steering wheel position, vehicle speed, and lateral acceleration. The difference between the desired yaw rate and actual yaw rate is the yaw rate error, which is a measurement of oversteer or understeer. If the yaw rate error becomes too large, the EBCM will attempt to correct the vehicle's yaw motion by applying differential braking to the left or right front wheel.

The amount of differential braking applied to the left or right front wheel is based on both the yaw rate error and side slip rate error. The side slip rate error is a function of the lateral acceleration minus the product of the yaw rate and vehicle speed. The yaw rate error and side slip rate error are combined to produce the total delta velocity error. When the delta velocity error becomes too large and the VSES system activates, the drivers steering inputs combined with the differential braking will attempt to bring the delta velocity error toward zero.

The VSES activations generally occur during aggressive driving, in the turns or bumpy roads without much use of the accelerator pedal. When braking during VSES activation, the brake pedal will feel different than the ABS pedal pulsation. The brake pedal pulsates at a higher frequency during VSES activation.

OBDII Code C1286 - Steering Sensor Bias Malfunction - AutoCodes.com

C1286 Information for specific makes

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